Απορίες για την Αγγλική γραμματική
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15.05.2011 22:01:42

electric oder electronic

 
από Gitti
Vielleicht kann mir jemand helfen... wir haben in der Schule mal den Unterschied zwischen electric und electronic gelernt, aber ich weiß es nicht mehr. Kann mir jemand helfen?
 
18.05.2011 06:00:29

Re: electric oder electronic

 
από johnnyclock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Δημοσιεύσεις: 5
Εγγραφή: 01.04.2011 00:23:10
I can answer in English, aber nicht in Deutsch kann. Should I go ahead?
 
19.05.2011 08:55:35

Re: electric oder electronic

 
από Agnes
@johnnyclock!
Please, answer in English! If Gitti doesn't understand your answer, I can translate it! Thank you so much!
 
19.05.2011 10:26:17

Re: electric oder electronic

 
από johnnyclock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Δημοσιεύσεις: 5
Εγγραφή: 01.04.2011 00:23:10
OK. My general understanding. The difference, as far as I know, is not linguistic but technologic.

Electric (English word: 1600) refers to a source of power, not to the application itself: electric trains, steam trains, diesel trains; electric range, gas range; electric lights, gas lights, kerosene lanterns; electric car, gasoline car, diesel car; electric vacuum cleaner, carpet sweeper; &c. &c.

The word 'electron' only appears in English starting in 1894. Electronic didn't exist before the triode vacuum tube (1906). (The vacuum tube was replaced by the transistor starting in the 1950s; which was itself replaced by the integrated circuit.) Electronic referred to a gadget whose entire functioning was a product of, (a corollary of), the intelligent use of relatively small amounts of electricity to create circuits that did something in and of themselves. They were not energy sources but uniquely new devices based on these relatively tiny electrical circuits: radio, television, computers. I think I would include radar.

I guess that telegraph and telephone occupied a middle ground; I think they began as electric devices. With digitalization I believe the telephone has long since become electronic.

Any clearer? :?
 
22.05.2011 17:45:49

Re: electric oder electronic

 
από Gitti
Yes, I think I do understand now. Thank's a lot!
 
 

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